Thursday, August 25, 2011

Hello Christina Tah

By: ralph geeplay

Christina Tah

Introduction: As Liberians enter a crucial election year, security remains a paramount yard stick by which to gauge the Sirleaf administration’s handling of the nation’s safety since she assumed the mantle of state in 2005. A lot of pundits argue that lawlessness is pervasive: armed robbery, rape, mob justice, to name a few. The rule of law has seen undersized efforts from the Unity Party led government and much needs to be done as the country grapples with its stability in the aftermath of war. For example, is there a data base for criminals in the country and that of former combatants in the wake of a deadly uncivil war...? The high profile murder of Keith Jubah, in November 2009, a Sirleaf confidant and chief of the National Procurement Commission highlights a Liberia teeming with violence and armed banditry. Last week also witness an ugly election violence and threats on several candidates across the country, and prominently against Lenn Eugene Nagbe of the ruling Unity Party. The below piece was written in Sept. 2, 2009, highlighting these issues.

Friday, August 19, 2011

Firestone Plantations escapes justice

By: ralph geeplay
U.S. : Rights campaigners rally against Firestone

The Liberian based Firestone plantations company, few week ago won a land mark case in federal courts in the United States. The class action lawsuit brought originally by International Labor Rights Fund (ILRF), in 2005 on behalf of 23 children was thrown out by federal magistrates for the second time. No matter the defeat, analysts say, the lights are now being shown on this company; and that gradually people have woken up to Firestone and its viciousness.

Sunday, August 14, 2011

Ellen dares Liberia’s political opposition!

By ralph geeplay

Introduction: The Liberian constitution demands the president of the Republic of Liberia address the joint section of the Liberian Assembly during the last working Monday in January of every year. During such address, the president must deal with the health and wealth of the nation: the country’s socio-economic and political growth. That Sirleaf did during her 5th annual address in 2010, but she went further, declaring she would contest the elections, removing any doubts in the minds of her opponents in the wake of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) report which barred her and others from holding political office for 30 years. She also became the first Liberian sitting president to pronounce her reelection campaign before the Liberian Congress, when she declared: "I WILL BE A FORMIDABLE CANDIDATE!” The elections are finally here, and this is the piece as it was written on February 3rd 2010.

Wednesday, August 10, 2011

Liberian war and its massacres documented!!

Introduction: The Liberian civil war witness some of the worst mass killings and massacres in world's history. Students of the Liberian civil war are still coming to grips with the inconsiderate and graphic disregard for human lives and properties, and the macabre audacity with which Liberian Warlords and their supporters persecuted the vicious conflict during Liberia's almost two decades' long civil strive. These mass killings are part of Liberian HISTORY, like it or not and they must be remembered and retold again and again, just as Americans studied their civil war, its attendant consequences and the pitfalls which led to the Gettysburg address and the validation of Lincoln as a great Leader! The Jews still remember the gruesome murders of their peoples at the hands of Hitler and fascist Europe, while the Rwanda genocide is still being debated and discussed in the public square and so why not the Liberian war and its ugliness?This is just the tip of the iceberg, because say pundits, a lot of the massacres and atrocities that happened during the Liberian war still remains unaccounted for!

NPFL's C.O. Gen. Charles Taylor

One of the hallmarks of the Liberian Civil War war which broke out on December 28, 1989 has been the proliferation of armed factions, all of which targeted civilians and were responsible for massacres and systematic human rights abuses, and none of which was fighting for any recognizable cause or ideology.

Since the outbreak of armed violence up to September 2003, tens of thousands of innocent Liberians have been brutally murdered in cold blood by armed factions that fought to have state power by force. The war has also been characterized by the extensive use of child soldiers, boys younger than fifteen years old who were easy prey for all the factions.

The massacres included here are based on sources available on the Internet. There is no guarantee of the authenticity of these details.

Grand Kru – Massacre of September 18, 1998

The security forces in Grand Kru attacked the loyalists of Roosevelt Johnson, the leader of a faction on Friday, September 18, on four locations at about
six o'clock local time in the evening.

It was a pre-emptive strike by a column of well-armed troops under the command of Chucky Taylor, the president's son. In a nation-wide radio statement shortly after the attack, Charles Taylor congratulated his men for what he described as a "surgical operation with precision and swiftness." This "surgical operation", however, resulted into a national tragedy in which more than 1000 people were killed.

Two days after the shooting, the government officially announced that only 15 persons lost their lives. Relief workers from the Red cross and the French NGO, Medicin Sans Frontier, reported that they had buried more than 40 bodies. Local hospitals reported that they had more than 100 bodies in their morgues.
Lutheran Church Massacre

Gen. Samuel Doe

The massacre in the Saint Peter's Lutheran Church in Sinkor, Monrovia, during the early days of the Liberian-Civil War is also one of the most brutal massacres. This was the largest Lutheran congregation in the country with three services held every Sunday.

During July and early August, over 900 people sought shelter here. On Sunday, July 29, 1990, at about 7 PM, over 200 soldiers from the Armed Forces of Liberia (AFL), headed by an infamous Liberian named Charles Julu, invaded the church, murdered 600 innocent Liberian civilians -- mostly Gios and Manos, including many women with children --, and wounded 150 others.

A survivor recounted what had happened: "The soldiers shot the door open, and took all the food they could see inside, and they killed the woman who had the key to the [church's] warehouse, after raping her. Guards stood at the gate and we stayed inside. Nobody could leave, and then it got dark, and the soldiers came back the same night… There were around 200 [AFL] soldiers who came in. And they began cutting a boy with a knife, and they cut and cut everybody with their knives and machetes."

Some say the assaulters were people loyal to the late president Samuel K. Doe, himself assassinated by President Charles Taylor's forces. It is reported that President Samuel Doe stood by and watched as the massacre took place. One of those who died in the massacre was
Taylor's own father.

There are two mass graves in the church compound even now. Another leader of the massacre, Michael Tilly, had committed numerous acts of grotesque violence before and enjoyed the protection of individuals within the AFL and the government. The AFL's victimization and murders of civilians was ostensibly meant to discourage recruitment to the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL).

Cow Field, Duport Massacre

About 48 people (civilians) were massacred and burnt by Paul Vaye, Sam Lartee and other soldiers, whilst they were asleep at their homes on Cow field, Duport Road in the Paynesville area. The perpetrators of these msssacres have yet to be identified, although residents of the areas have pointed fingers at
Taylor's NPFL. They were buried in a mass grave in the Palm Grove Cemetery on Center Street.

The massacre was reported by the News Newspaper on
December 19, 1994 Vol. 5 # 151 and mentioned .

Harbel Massacre of
June 6, 1993

On June 6, a group of armed fighters slaughtered over 500 displaced persons, mostly women and children, at a settlement on the Firestone plantation at Harbel.

Over 600 men, women and children were hacked to death by the NPLF in what became known as the Carter Camp Massacre in Harbel,
Margibi County on June 6, 1993. The Armed Forces of Liberia under the command of then C-I-C Dr. Amos C. Sawyer was said to have committed the atrocities because goods looted from the dead were found dumped around AFL positions in Firestone rubber plantations.

A U.N. investigation team, comprised of three eminent international lawyers and human rights advocates, concluded in a September report that the AFL committed the act and cited substantial evidence supporting this finding. AFL soldiers were also caught in possession of property looted from the settlement. The Interim Government and the AFL disputed the U.N. team's finding, insisting on NPFL culpability.

Three AFL soldiers whom the U.N. report identified as key participants in the massacre were initially ordered held by IGNU but were never actually detained or arrested by IGNU or AFL authorities. The massacre are later traced to Charles Taylor and his NPFL.

Some other massacres

Massacre in Yarsonnoh, Nimba County in Feb. 1990: A group of AFL soldiers led by Capt. James Celly, Hon. Donzo, Commissioner residing in Ganta, killed 71 persons in Yarsonnoh and burned 52 houses in that town.

Massacre in Ganta,
Nimba County in Feb. 1990: A group of AFL soldiers headed by Edwin Voker, Commissioner of Sacleapea Mah, Vakaba Bility and Mr. Biabia entered Karnwee,Nimba County and arrested 18 young men under the guise of being NPFL facilitators. The victims were taken to Ganta and murdered.

Massacre inNimba County in March 1990: Paul Vaye, George Mansuo, Tarkpor Gweh and men assigned with them arrested Moses Duopue, Stephen Daniels and some of their family members and killed them in Tiaplay,Nimba County. They allegedly acted on the orders of the then Maj. Charles Taylor.

Massacre inMonrovia in June 1990: Moses Thomas, Moses Wright, James Chelly, George Dweh and Tailey, in consultation with President Doe, massacred 27 Gio and Mano families that were members of the AFL and residing at the BTC barracks. They were buried on the beach behind the BTC.

Gen. Prince Johnson INPFL

Massacre in Bakedu, Lofa County in July 1990: G. Anthony Mehn, Joe Doe and their bodyguards murdered about 32 persons of the Mandingo ethnic group in Bakedu Lofa County. The murderers were fighters of NPFL.

Massacre in
Monrovia in 1990: George Dweh eliminated the Johnny Nah family inMonrovia.

Massacre in
Monrovia on August 2, 1990: GeorgeDweh led a group of AFL soldiers to the JFK hospital and massacred 250 persons, most of who were Gios and Manos ethnic groups. Zmajority of them were seeking refuge at the hospital compound while others were arrested at the gate that was placed on the boulevard at the hospital entrance.

Incursion into Sierra Leone in March 1991: Dopoe Menkarzohn, Charles Tingban, Nixon Gaye, Timothy Mulbah and Christopher Varmo crossed intoSierra Leone with about 350 men, armed with assorted weapons as the beginning of the RUF incursion. These men were trained on fair grounds in Buchanan,
Grand Bassa County, by a group of Gambians headed by Dr. Manneh.

Massacre in Zorzor,
Lofa County in May 1991: Mangouhb Menior of the NPFL murdered 16 persons of the Mandingo and Gbandi ethnic groups in Zorzor. The victims were accused of being enemies of the revolution launched by Charles Taylor. Menlor was temporarily detained by Isaac Musa and later released on parole.

Massacre in Kakata –Bong Mines Highway in 1991: An NPFL fighter code named “Mike Tyson” placed 73 person in a house and burned them to death in a place called “compound” on the Kakata – Bong Mines Highway. The victims arrested as suspected ULIMO fighters.

Murder inZorgowee Town, Nimba County on October 20, 1991: Paul Vaye, Henry Kerdiah, George Mansuo and George Karsuo arrested Jackson F. Doe in Buchanan,Grand Bassa County, on the orders of Charles Taylor and murdered him in the Nimba Town of Zorgowee.

Slain in Gardnersville,
Montserrado County in October 1992 as reported by JPC investigation: During the infamous “Operation Octopus” launched by NPFL, five Catholic Nuns were slain in the area. Christopher Varmo and Edward Wowah carried out this operation.

Sisters: Kathleen McGuire; Barbara Muttra; Agnes Mueller; Mary Kolm;
and Shirley Kolmer were all brutally raped and murdered by Taylor's NPFL

Summary Execution at Horton’s Farm, Kakata,Margibi County in October 1992: Martina Johnson, NPFL artillery commander ordered the execution of 23 person arrested in Bong Mines as suspected fighters of ULIMO.

Massacre in firestone, Margibi county on
December 26, 1992: Joseph Zackor, alias “Gen. Zack”, Nixon Gayor, Francis Duanna and men assigned with them massacred 35 persons at the Firestone Plantations, division No. 31 while escaping the ULIMO incursion in Kakata.

Massacre in Voinjama,
Lofa County on January 2, 1993: Cllr. Lavalla Supuwoo ordered and witnessed the execution of 18 persons in Voinjama. The blood of the victims was drained in a white bucket for use best known to him.

Massacre at Carter Camp, in
Margibi County on June 6/7, 1993 as reported by survivors/residents of Harbel,Margibi County: Nixon Gaye, Francis Duana, Melvin Sobani, Fasue along with their soldiers slaughtered close to 600 men, women and children in cold blood from 0100hrs to 0300hrs. This mission was set up to discredit the efforts of ECOMOG. The victims are said to be buried on the outskirts of the camp.

Summary execution in Gbarnga,
Bong County on May 11, 1993: Saar Gbollie executed 17 persons in the Gbarnga MP cell while serving as deputy MP commander for the Executive Mansion Presidential Guard Force (EMPPGF). The victims were arrested in Lofa on suspicion of being ULIMO fighters.

Massacre in Ganta,
Nimba County in August 1993: Matthew Cheplay, commander of “Wild Geese” and his men killed 21 persons in Ganta while in route to Sinoe and wanted to loot fuel from a trader. This incident claimed the lives of William Gensee, the wife, and three children of Samuel Luogon.

Massacre at LAC,
Grand Bassa County on August 19,1993: Gen. Coo coo Dennis killed 26 persons in LAC when they were accused of being supporters of LPC.

LPC's Gen. George Boley

Massacre inGreenville,Sinoe County in 1993 reported by Mr. David Swen (acting hospital administrator)/ The National Newspaper December 19, 1996 Vol. #62: More than 100 humans skeletons were discovered at theFrancis J. Grant Hospital inGreenville, Sinoe County. According to Mr. David Swen, the acting hospital administrator at the time, the skeletons were of people taken captive by LPC in 1993. They were discovered when the hospital staff went in to access their facilities after ECOMOG was deployed in 1996.

Massacre in Vahun,
Lofa County in 1993 reported by the Media: Six Senegalese ECOMOG soldiers were murdered by Oliver Varnie, Timothy Mulbah and Joe Doe in Vahun on orders of Charles Taylor and his then defense Minister J. Thomas Wuworyu following ECOMOG’s deployment in his controlled areas. Their bodies were dumped in a valley in Vahun and NPFL authorities refused to turn the bodies over to the ECOMOG High Command. It was based on persistent international pressure that the bodies of the six Senegalese were turned over to the ECOMOG High Command. Their bodies were flown toSenegal for proper burial.

Massacre inNeeswen Town, Rivercess County on January 15, 1994 reported by the Daily News Newspaper Vol. 3 # 24: The NPFL fighters killed 32 persons after they were accused of being supporters of the LPC. The fighters were said to have entered the town at about 3:00am and began slaughtering occupants of houses marked by the LPC.

Massacre in
Kpakolokuya Town, Bong County in February 1994: Siafa Normah ordered the execution of 15 men inKpakolokuya Town,Bong County during his term as army chief of staff of the NPFL. Abel Normah and Wogbagii implemented the order.

Massacre in Gbarnga,
Bong County in May 1994: Andrew Koah, Alosius Sackie, Gaye Getteh, Saturday Tuah, J.J. Doeh, and Marcus Seebo tied 19 men in a Tarpolin and hung them over a pile of fire until they died. The culprits acted on the orders f Cassius Jacobs.

Summary Execution in Zorzor,
Lofa County in 1994: General Apolo J. Swen, front line commander for ULIMO, murdered 69 POWs of NPFL in Lofa.

Massacre in Moulton Corner, Brewersville, Montserrado County on June 19, 1994 as reported by Charles Bryant, Benjamin Brown, Marilyn Wright/ the Inquirer Newspaper June 23, 1994 Vol. 4 # 111: Nine persons, including an entire family, were slaughtered in the areas that was controlled by Mandingo fighters who recaptured the area from the Krahn fighters.

Massacre in Kpoloppai,
Bong County in September 1994 as reported by JPC Gbarnga Coordinator: LPC massacred about 300 persons “allegedly” when they fled the fighting in Gbarnga between ULIMO – K and NPFL.

Massacre at Phebe,
Bong County in September 1994 as reported by residents of the area: LPC allegedly massacred over 100 persons who were hospitalized and or seeking shelter at thePhebe Hospital after fleeing fighting between ULIMO –K and NPFL.

Massacre in Duoh,
Nimba County in October 1994: Chinese Japper, a then commander under Coo coo Dennis, murdered 86 persons in Duoh, while retreating from Bassa with about 1700 fighters escaping from LPC.

Gen. George Dweh Doe's henchman

Murder in Beilah, Bong county in October 1994: On the orders of Saturday Tuah of the NPFL, Junior Vaye dumped the wife and children of James Glasco in theSt. John River in Beilah during the fall of Gbarnga to ULIMO.

Massacre inNimba County in November 1994: A group of NPFL soldiers led by Dominic Sayeh and Bleh Vah killed 176 persons at the Sendin Crossing Point inNimba County. The victims were of the Bassa ethnic group.

Massacre in Ganta
Nimba County on November 11, 1994: General Liberty killed 21 unarmed boys in Ganta during the fall of Gbarnga. He accused them of being disguised ULIMO fighters.

Massacre in Cow Field, Duport Road, Montserrado County on December 15, 1944 reported by the News Newspaper on December 19, 1994 Vol. 5 # 151: About 48 persons (civilians were massacred by Paul Vaye, Sam Lartee and other soldiers of NPFL, while they were asleep at their home. Cow Field,
Duport Road in the Paynesville area. The bodies were buried in a mass grave in the Palm Grove Cemetery onCenter Street.

Murder in Grand Kru County in January 1995 as reported by Isaiah Momboe Sackor, Niffu Borta Community Development Association/ The Inquirer Newspaper, January 3, 1995 Vol. 4 # 241: The Liberian Peace Council fighters killed 18 citizens

Massacre in Tappita,Nimba County on September 27, 1995 reported by JPC: Gen. Jack the Rebel acting upon the orders of Charles G. Taylor killed 105 persons in Tappita. These people were killed because they refused to give up their only sawmill in their town.

Massacre in Bokomu District,
Fassama Town,Lofa County in March 1996 as reported by an escapee/Monrovia Daily News Vol. 3 # 61: Several person lost their lives in six villages and towns by fighters of ULIMO. The commanders Maj. A.C. Dorley held separate meetings in the area at which time he accused the villages of being informants for the Lofa Defense Force (LDF) and retreating remnants of NPFL.

Gen. Benjamin Yeaten of NPFL

Massacre in Zuanna Town/Bloun Town, Roycesville,Bomi County on April 18, 1996 as reported by several residents including the block leader/The News Newspaper, December 11, 1996 Vol. # 47: Twelve persons were killed when a group of fighters stormed the area and burned down the displaced camp andKarmo Town.

Mass Grave found at Barclay Training Center (BTC) Beach, Central Monrovia, Montserrado County in August 1996 as reported by Chief Pathologist, Dr. Isaac Moss/ The National Chronicle, August 29-30, 1996 Vol. 1 #31: A team of medical doctors and health practitioners involved in the exhuming and reburying of dead bodies revealed that over 500 bodies were exhumed at the BTC beach and reburied at theCenter Street Cemetery. Some of the people died from bullets or blunt objects while some were beheaded.

Mass Grave at Matadi Estate, Airfield and Sinkor in August 1996 as reported by Chief Pathologist, Dr. Isaac Moss/ The National Chronicle, August 29-30, 1996 Vol. 1 #31: Mass grave were discovered in these areas by a team of medical doctors.

Massacre in Sinje,
Grand Cape Mount County on September 28, 1996 as reported by UN Relief workers/ The Inquirer Vol. 5 # 75; Daily News Vol. 5 #62; and The News Vol. 7 # 17: According to a UN press release issued by the Special Representative of the Secretary General Amb. Anthony B. Nyakyi, about 17 civilians were killed and many were injured while about 1000 civilians escaped the bloodbath. But other reports put the number at 25 to 48.

More Killing in Robertsport, Grand Cape Mount County in September 1996 as reported by fleeing residents/The Inquirer Newspaper October 4, 1996 Vol. 5 # 75: Unidentified fighters reportedly killed nine prominent citizens of Robertsport. The fighters claimed that their victims gave money to another armed group to attack their positions.

Gruesome Killings in seyon Town Bushrod Island in October 1996 as reported by residents of Seyon Town/The News Newspaper October 18, 1996 Vol. 7 # 24: Three ex-combatants who had lured the market women from the Freeport of Monrovia where they had gone to buy rice and bulgur wheat slaughtered the two women; Doris Dekeh and Louis (surname not known). The three after they had killed the women, sprinkled kerosene on their remains, covered them with tires and set them ablaze. LD $2500 was taken from them.

Massacre in Zuanna Town Bloun, Royesville, Bomi County on December 7, 1996 as reported by the News Newspaper December 11, 1996 Vol. 7 # 47: Eight persons were killed. ULIMO-J is accused of committing the act.

Murder in Gbarnga, Bong County on November 28, 1997 as reported by JPC investigation/The News Newspaper, December 8-9, 1997, Vol. 8 # 103: An opposition politician and former Deputy Speaker of the TLA, Samuel Saye Doke, his wife Janet, his sister Serena and nephew Emmanuel Voker were arrested at a security checkpoint in Gbarnga while in route to Sanniquellie, Nimba County to attend a welding. It was alleged that the SSS Director, Benjamin Yeaten ordered their arrest. Following their arrest, Mr. Dokie was brought to
Monrovia for investigation and subsequently take back to Gbarnga. Three days later, the burnt bodies of the Dokies, the government said it never ordered the arrest of Mr. Dokie. The SSS Director, Benjamin Yeaten, however, admitted ordering Mr. Dokie’s arrest, but not his murder. Yeaten was temporarily relived of his post to assist in the investigation. The court for lack of evidence acquitted two security personnel Richard Saydee and Kennday Fineboy, who had been named as prime suspects. Their bodies are said to be buried around a place called Barbecue Corner on the Gbarnga-Kokoy Road

Gen. Sekou Konneh of LURD

Murder at Freeport, Bushrod Island, Monrovia on December 16,1997 as reported by eyewitnesses: Daniel Nyankan, a businessman was found dead around the Freeport of Monrovia with bruises all over his body. His death sparked off controversy, with the police authorities accusing ECOMOG soldiers of killing Nyankan. Family sources, however, quoted eyewitnesses as saying that state security forces killed Nyankan after he had been severely flogged.

Mass Grave in Zorzor,
Lofa County in April 1998 as reported by Zorzor citizen youth leader George/ The Heritage, April 28-30, 1998 Vol. 2 #53: NPFL fighters killed several people including pregnant women. The youth leader (George) claimed that the victims’ hands and legs were tied before they were buried alive in shallow, thin graves of about three to four feet deep.

Murder in Paynesville,
Montserrado County on June 28, 1998: Nowai Flomo, a market woman, disappeared from her residence in Kpelle Town, Paynesville. She was allegedly abducted from her house at about 11:00am by nine officers of the SSS, led by one David Daniel, who had gone to visit Ms. Gormie Jartu, a housemate of Ms. Flomo. The SSS officers allegedly murdered her after an exchange of words over the manner in which the security personnel drove in the yard. Her corpse has not been found. The police later released all those arrested in connection with the disappearance for what the police termed “lack of evidence”.

Massacre on
Camp Johnson Road, Monrovia on September 18, 1998 as reported by resident in the Camp Johnson Road Area: State Security forces attacked Gen. Roosevelt Johnson, a former warring faction leader, on Camp Johnson Road. The government within 24 hours gave three different reasons for the invasion, which eyewitness accounts say, claimed the lives of over 100 persons. The government put the casualty figures at 53. The government first said that its security forces went to evict illegal occupants in private houses when they came under attack. Then, State Security Officials alleged that they were on patrol in the Camp Johnson Road area when they came under attack from supporters of Gen. Johnson. Finally, the Government claimed that the incident was a ruse buy Gen. Johnson and his supporters in their bid to violently overthrow it.

Massacre at the Episcopal Church, Camp Johnson Road, Monrovia on September 19, 1998 reported by National Human Rights Commission’s Report published October 13, 1998: On September 18 th, President Taylor ordered the eviction of Mr. Roosevelt Johnson from his residence. Several persons of the Krahn ethnic tribe ran into the Episcopal Church. SSU allegedly executed about 1500 persons, mostly young men at dawn of
September 19, 1998. Col. Junior Fania, Leo Jebo, Saa Gbollie, Joe Tuah, General Eric Sway, and Arthur saah, Benedict Mentee, spearheaded this operation.

Massacre on
Schiefflin Highway on September 19, 1998: Mark Guahn murdered 13 persons of the Krahn ethnic group on Schiefflin Highway. They were arrested in Monrovia on charges of being supporters of Gen. Roosevelt Johnson.

Massacre in Nekebozu, Lofa County on August 10, 1999 as reported by UL student hailing from Quardu-Gboni Mandingo Chiefdom/ the New Democrat Newspaper: Militia men in Nekabozu
killed about 25 members of Quardu-Gboni citizens

Late Gen. Roosevelt Johnson

Massacre in Nikagabozu, Lofa County on September 2, 1999 as reported by UL student hailing from Quardu-Gboni Mandingo Chiefdom/ the New democrat Newspaper, Vol. 4 # 104/ The Inquirer Newspaper Vol. 8 # 156: Members of the AFL allegedly massacred about 100 persons in Nikagabozu. This was believed to be a reprisal of a recent massacre of elders and Chiefs of Liewalzo by dissident forces (LURD), when they entered Liberia on August 11, 1999. The students blamed the massacre squarely at the feet of Defense Minister, Daniel Chea as a result of an interview he granted the BBC Journalist Robin White.

Murder at ELWA junction, Paynesville on September 28, 1999 Eyewitness accounts: Henrique Cassell, Deputy Commissioner of Immigration and brother-in-law of President Taylor shot and killed Papa George, a taxi driver, at the Golf Filling station at the ELWA junction in Paynesville. Cassell accused Papa George of overtaking his car. The defenseless taxi driver went on his knees and pleaded for mercy but to no avail. Cassell then pulled out his pistol and fired at George while he was begging for mercy. Cassell was charged with murder, found guilty and sentence to imprisonment. President Taylor granted him general amnesty last year.

Massacre in Swen,
Bomi County on October 10, 1999: Siafa Norman massacred about 20 civilians who were accused of being LURD supporters in Swen Mechan District, Bomi County.
Massacre in Bawon Town, Zorzor District, Lofa County in January 2000 as reported by UL students from Quardu-Gboni Mandingo Chiefdom/New Democrat Newspaper, February 4-7, 2000 Vol. 6 #145: Armed militiamen massacred 18 persons of the Mandingo ethnic group in Lofa County. Government announced an investigation into the extra-judicial killings, but nothing was heard beyond the announcement.

Massacre in Gbar,
Bong County in January 2000: Melvin Sobani ordered the execution of 26 unarmed civilians in Gbar, Bomi County. They were accused of being supporters of LURD
Summary Execution in Gbatala Base,
Bong County in 2000: Chucky Taylor murdered more than 100 persons at the Gbatala ATU Training Base. Some of the victims were trainees charged with failure to follow instruction (FFI)

Summary Execution in Voinjama,
Lofa County in May 2000: Mr. Joe Gbala ordered the execution of 42 captives in Voinjama. They were considered GOL soldiers who had surrender in a battle between John Town and Zorzor. Others were brought from Foyah

Summary Execution in Kornia, Lofa County in March 2001: Momo Jibba ordered the execution of 14 persons in Kornia, Lofa County when GOL recaptured the town from LURD. He also planned and executed the death of François Massaquoi, the then Youth and Sports Minister.

Massacre in Saclepea,
Nimba County in May 2001: Daniel Gweh, Tony Gonyor, etc. murdered 7 Mandingos and burnt down their houses.

Gen. A. Kromah of ULIMO

Massacre in Bopolu, Gbarpolu County on June 9, 2002: Ofourie Jay alias “Iron Jacket” massacred 110 young men and women in Bopolu, Gbarpolu county. They were accused of being sympathizers of Government of Liberia.

Massacre in
Marhair River Bridge, Tubmanburg, Bomi County on July 20, 2002 as reported by two of the survivors: About 175 persons were massacred allegedly on the orders of Gen. Benjamin Yeaten. They claimed that the people were sympathizers of LURD.

Summary Execution in Congo Town Monrovia on
September 18, 2002: Isaac Gono of the ATU, Chief Driver of Charles Taylor, Jr. “Chucky”, was beaten to death on the morning of September 18, 2002 for allegedly hitting a dog with Chucky’s car.

Late Gen. Julu of AFL

Incursion into Ivory Coast on October 21, 2002: Charles Taylor mandated Benjamin Yeaten Joe Tuah, Liaison officer, Edward T. Zamay, Training Officer, Walloe, death squad commander, Osebo Demain, logistics officer, and Matthew Karn, artillery commander to cross into Ivory Coast to assist felix Doe, leader of the Western Rebel, as mercenaries

Massacre in Toe’s Town, Grand Gedeh County on February 28, 2003 as reported by JPC Monitor/The Inquirer Newspaper, March 17, 2003 Vol. 13 #39/ The News Newspaper, March 17, 2003 Vol. 14 #222: General Gbor Vaye of the GOL slaughtered three employees of the Adventist Development Relief Agency (ADRA) namely: Kara Lund, a Norwegian, Arty. Emmanuel Sharply, a Liberian and Country Director, and driver Muse Keita, another Liberian were massacred while in route to Maryland County to pay their employees. The perpetrators were never brought to justice

Murder in Paynesville, Montserrado County on June 4, 2003 as reported by the deceased wives and relatives: The Deputy Ministers for National Security and Public Works, John Yormie and Isaac Vaye were arrested on the night of June 4, 2003 by a group of armed men under the command of one “Bababa” of the SSS which it was alleged he was acting on the orders of Gen. Benjamin Yeaten. They were allegedly brought to
Monrovia, interrogated and later driven back on the Gbarnga-Ganta highway (CNC Logging Company area) and later killed. Their bodies were allegedly dropped on the train track by a container in the Ganta area. Their wives are demanding their bodies to give them a befitting burial

Charles 'Chucky' Taylor Jr.

Massacre in Gbarn, Nimba County on May 26, 2003: Adolphus Sampson, special bodyguard to Gen. Benjamin Yeaten murdered a family of five at the railroad bridge near Gbarn, Nimba County upon seeing then with $75,000LD, and two pieces of diamonds

Massacre in Nimba County on May 6, 2003: Adolphus Sampson, Gola Red, Alphonso, Nyanay, Marcus and High-grade on the orders of Gen. Yeaten massacred Samuel Bokarie, his wife, mother and two children in Nimba County. Francis Menwon and Peter Sakpeideh witnessed it.
Summary Execution at
Lofa Bridge on May 2003: General Sekou Kromah and his men murdered 24 persons on Lofa Bridge. The victims were arrested in the Tubmanburg area and charged with reconnoitering.

Summary Execution in
Monrovia on June 9, 2003: Charles Taylor, Jr. “Chucky” murdered 18 persons at the Stockton Creek Bridge. Gen. Roland Duo men arrested these people as POW of LURD.

Summary execution in
Monrovia in June-July 2003: Lomax, artillery crew commander of Wild Geese, Marcus High Grade, bodyguard to Yeaten and Nyan murdered 42 persons on the Johnson Street Bridge for looting. The victims were accused but never tried.

Massacre in Combat Camp in July 2003: Marcus High Grade and Gola-Red acting on instruction of Gen. Yeaten transported 78 wounded soldiers from Monrovia to Combat Camp, under pretense of going to pay them and killed them. The victims were demanding to be paid by Charles Taylor.

Summary Execution in Klay,
Bomi County in July 2003: General Abbas of LURD murdered 26 persons in Klay. The victims were arrested on Bushrod Island as POW of GOL.

Massacre at Tubman Farm,
Bong County on September 8-20, 2003: Zeezah Mazah, special bodyguard to Benjamin Yeaten fed Mr. Charles Taylor’s lions with 26 living persons on his farm in Maleki, Bong County. This was a prescribed punishment for those who committed crimes.
Summary Execution Po-River,
Bomi County on October 11-26, 2003: General Wasue Donzo of the LURD ordered the execution of over 26 persons on the Po-River Bridge, Tubmanburg Highway and dumped some of their bodies in the Po-River.

Dr Bipin Adhikari